By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice model and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are diverse conceptions of the suggestion, it truly is debatable that on any believable figuring out of person autonomy an self sustaining agent must bear in mind the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been steered that permitting one’s suggestions to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has obtained a few cognizance in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This booklet combines for the 1st time the themes of choice edition, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a distinct and complete quantity, filling a tremendous wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Extra resources for Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life
Let’s say that I develop some preference for a particular object φ over some other object ψ, and that this preference was the result of some process P. But if we imagine, for instance, that I endorse P, perhaps for reasons, or perhaps under conditions of idealized reflection, then we might regard the preference in question as autonomous. (Notice that I construe the “endorsement” suggestion as potentially backward-looking. 5) It developed in a way that I regard as reflecting, say, my own values.
It is enough to say, perhaps after the fact, that the process itself was valid, valuable, or otherwise endorsed by the person in question. HA3 retains the broad connection between autonomous preferences and reasons, but draws this connection in a slightly different way. HA3 holds that a process is autonomous if that process itself includes coming to preferences on the basis of reasons. For instance, imagine that I prefer to refrain from smoking. If I came to that preference on the basis of becoming educated about the health effects of smoking, and thus saw reason to avoid smoking and developed preferences on this basis, this process is of the right sort and hence my preference is autonomous.
In addition, straightforwardly normatively authoritative preferences can be the product of processes that were not engaged in on the basis of reasons. 6 HA2 According to HA2, autonomous preferences develop according to a process that the person whose preferences they are would endorse, perhaps after rounds of cognitive, idealized reflection. HA2 can solve one of the problems that faces HA1. For instance, it could be that in considering the process that led to my preference that the Washington Redskins win, I am perfectly willing to endorse it.
Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius