By Harold D. Holder
An individual's choice to take advantage of alcohol and the frequency, volume, and events of use are the results of a mix of organic and social elements. consuming isn't just a private selection, but additionally an issue of customized and social habit, and is inspired through entry and financial components together with degrees of disposable source of revenue and value of alcoholic drinks. until eventually prevention efforts stop to concentration narrowly at the person and start to undertake broader group views on alcohol difficulties and methods to lessen them, those efforts will fail. the writer demanding situations the present implicit versions utilized in alcohol challenge prevention and demonstrates an ecological standpoint of the group as a fancy adaptive process composed of interacting subsystems. this significant quantity represents a brand new and good method of the prevention of alcohol dependence and alcohol-related difficulties.
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Additional info for Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention
In Moslem societies, it is prohibited, whereas in France or Italy, it is a desired and valued aspect of routine living). Most industrialized countries establish rules and regulations concerning the types and forms of alcohol production and retail sales. , via public monopolies on alcohol sales or restriction of the days and hours when retail sales are allowed). The Formal Regulation and Control Subsystem regulates the Retail Sales Subsystem, thus determining the overall level of alcohol availability (both formally and informally).
This population is most affected by the minimum drinking age and often is characterized by heavy drinking per occasion. Age 21 to 25. , in drinking and driving crashes). Age 26 to 34. This population characteristically shows the first marked drop in the rate and frequency of consumption and stabilization of life patterns of consumption. Heavier drinking begins to decline, and the percentage of abstainers increases. Age 35 to 49. This population characteristically creates the heaviest demand for inpatient and outpatient care associated with heavy dependent drinking.
In turn, the prevailing level of alcohol consumption in the community reinforces the norms for acceptable levels of drinking. Thus, the Consumption Subsystem both influences and is influenced by the Social Norms Subsystem. Drinking as a part of routine activity Alcohol is a part of routine life in any community, even if the community formally prohibits the use and sale of alcohol. The role of drinking in the life of members of a given community is defined by the extent to which alcohol is available both socially and for retail sale, and is consumed by members of the community.
Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention by Harold D. Holder